Treatment of Receding Gums
Healthy gums are the Skin of Your Teeth®. Treatment for receding gums, one of the first symptoms of gum disease, may be a non-surgical solution or one of several surgical procedures. Treatment for receding gums restores healthy gums and helps prevent more serious forms of gum disease that can lead to tooth loss and other health problems.
If you are experiencing any of these six symptoms of receding gums, talk to your dentist about the best treatment options.
Non-surgical Treatment for Receding Gums
For a mild case of gum recession, a deep cleaning may take care of the problem. Also known as tooth scaling and root planning, this type of treatment for receding gums removes plaque and tartar from the surfaces of your teeth and roots below the gum line. Plaque is a biofilm, composed of bacteria and the sticky substances they secrete, which cover the surface of the teeth. If you don’t do a good job of removing the plaque with proper daily dental care, plaque will harden into tartar that can only be removed by a dentist or dental hygienist.
During the deep cleaning, a dental professional also smoothes, or planes, the exposed root area so that it is more difficult for bacteria to stick to it. An antibiotic may also be prescribed to remove any harmful remaining bacteria.
Surgery as Treatment for Receding Gums
Patients with advanced cases of receding gums may require surgery performed by a dentist or periodontist (a specialist that treats diseases of the gums and supporting structures of the teeth). One of the following surgical procedures will be used, depending on the severity of the situation:
- Regeneration – Severe cases of receding gums can destroy the bone that supports the teeth. Regeneration is a surgical procedure that regenerates lost bone and tissue. The first step, as in deep cleaning, is to fold back the gum tissue so that bacteria in the space or pocket can be removed. Next, the dentist or periodontist will apply a regenerative material (i.e., membrane, graft tissue, or tissue-stimulating protein) to stimulate the body to regenerate bone and tissue so that the teeth will be secure. Lastly, the surgeon snugly repositions the gum tissue over the tooth roots and bone.
- Soft Tissue Grafts –There are several types of soft tissue grafts, but the most common one is a connective tissue graft. During this receding gums surgery treatment, your periodontist takes gum tissue from your palate (the roof of your mouth) or from another donor source to cover one or more exposed roots. This procedure restores the gum line and helps reverse serious gum disease.