Symptoms of Gum Disease

(PeriClean® does not prevent nor treat gum diseases. Use a PeriClean ultra soft toothbrush to clean your teeth as part of an active effort to avoid receding gums.)

Your gums are the Skin of Your Teeth®. The better you care for them, the longer they will hold onto your teeth.

Symptoms of gum disease vary widely depending on the severity of the problem. Gum disease can begin with the relatively mild symptoms of gingivitis and can advance in severity to periodontitis, tooth loss and eventually to systemic problems, such as heart and circulation problems.

Symptoms of Gingivitis Gum Disease

The early-warning symptoms of gum disease (periodontal disease), such as gingivitis, alert you to act quickly to prevent the pain and expense of more advanced problems.

Gingivitis, or inflammation of the gums, is the mildest form of gum disease with these symptoms:

  • Red, swollen and tender gums
  • Gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth
  • Bad breath (halitosis)

Gingivitis can be easily treated. The bone and connective tissue that hold your teeth in place haven’t been affected and the damage to the gums can be reversed. Healthy gums ensure that your teeth are still firmly planted in their sockets.

Gingivitis can mask receding gums, a more serious form of gum disease.

Symptoms of Periodontitis Gum Disease

Gingivitis can worsen into periodontitis, a far more serious gum disease. Periodontis occurs when bacteria-filled plaque spreads and grows below the gum line. The gums become irritated by the toxins produced by the bacteria. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response that causes the tissues and bone that support the teeth to be broken down and destroyed.

There are several types of periodontitis gum disease:

  • Aggressive periodontitis – This occurs in people who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common symptoms include rapid detachment of gums from teeth and bone destruction.
  • Chronic periodontitis – Gum disease symptoms of chronic periodontitis include deep pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva. Symptoms generally worsen more slowly than in cases of acute periodontitis.
  • Periodontitis as a manifestation of systemic diseases – Heart disease, respiratory disease, and diabetes are associated with this form of periodontitis, which may begin at a young age.

Symptoms of the destructive nature of periodontitis include:

  • Receding gums – The gum line begins to pull away from the teeth, exposing more of each tooth and eventually the roots, too.
  • Deep Pockets – Periodontitis causes the gums to detach from the teeth, creating gaps (pockets) where bacteria collect and grow.
  • Loose or shifting teeth – As periodontitis advances and causes more gum tissue and bone loss, teeth begin to loosen and shift.
  • Changes in the way teeth fit –The way teeth fit together upon biting down or in the fit of partial dentures may change due to weakness.

Healthy gums are the Skin of Your Teeth®. When your gums are attacked by disease, the health and balance of your gums and teeth, even perhaps your whole body, are in jeopardy.